- On the Allegory of Plato’s Cave: Present the real life interpretation of Plato’s allegory of the cave, paying particular attention to the meaning of â€œthe Caveâ€, â€œ being chained facing only one direction, and seeing only shadowsâ€, â€œthe one person that escaped the caveâ€. â€œthe Sunâ€, â€œâ€his eyes at first was unable to look at the Sunâ€, â€œhis ability to look at the sun after a whileâ€, â€œhis going back to the cave and explaining to the others in the cave his experience outside the caveâ€, â€œthe cave dwellers’ refusal to believe him and attempt to even kill himâ€.
- On Modus Ponens:
If I win Lottery, then am Rich.
Therefore, I won Lottery.
Explain why it is a wrong argument for you to affirm the Consequent (am Rich) to be your 2nd Premise, and the antecedent (I won lottery) to be the conclusion of the argument.
- Using the above example, present the good example of a Modus Ponens argument.
- Use the above example to construct a good form of a Modus Tollens argument.